Earwigs Facts For Best Control

March 11, 2017 in Garden Pests by Christine

How to get rid of earwigs out of your garden

Do Earwigs Bite? Their Lifecycle – Control and Damage to Plants Earwigs are insect pests, which live and hide in cool damp areas amongst dead and decaying plant matter. They are distributed widely in Asia, Africa, Australia and North America. Various types of earwigs are nocturnal in habit. These unlovely insects feast upon different creepy crawlies, rotting natural matter and our favourite garden plants. At night time is when earwigs are busily eating on anything including mosses and lichens but their favourite diet is feeding on other insects, leaves of lush green foliage plants or the fresh buds and petals of newly made flowers. The earwig or pincher bug grow half inch long and has forceps-like pincers on their abdomen. Though they are not dangerous to humans, they can insert the pincers into the human skin in self defence. The pincers are useful for capturing the prey and for mating. The earwigs get their name through the myth that earwigs crawl into a sleeping persons ear and bore into their brain. But they do live in the dark and moist areas outdoors, if they can get indoors into the house they like the same environment and surrounds where they like
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Centipedes Sun Sand Shade

February 17, 2017 in Garden Pests by Christine

Centipede Millipedes

Centipedes Millipedes And Their Life Cycle Millipedes are detritivores found commonly in the garden. They feed on dead, decaying and all ready rotted away plant matter. They are commonly seen under the rocks, decaying logs or in leaf litter in the sun or shade. Though the word millipede means a thousand legs, they actually have less than 100 legs. When threatened, millipedes coil its body to form a spiral. Millipedes are very slow moving when compared to centipedes. Millipedes cannot sting, but produces foul smelling chemicals, which can burn or blister your skin. Millipedes can attack certain garden plants and bulbs by the stems and the roots but they don’t usually kill plants. Centipedes are mainly nocturnal in habit and mainly feed on insects in the garden. They do not harm the garden plants. Centipedes are venomous and they can sting humans. The effects of the poison include swelling, pain, discolouration and numbness. How to Differentiate a Millipede From Centipede? Millipedes are red or dark brown in colour with an elongated tubular body and have two pairs of legs on each body segment. Centipedes are flatter than millipedes and have a pair of well-developed antennae at the anterior end. They
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How To Get Rid of Thrips Daylilies Roses

December 7, 2016 in Garden Pests by Christine

Thrips inside the buds of a daylily

Thrips – How To Avoid Damages Caused By Thrips In Your Garden? Description of Thrips Thrips are very small insects with a slender body. They are a common pest of garden plants and crop plants. The adult insect is less than 1/25th of an inch and either black or straw coloured. There are wingless as well as winged varieties. What Do Thrips Eat? They have asymmetrical mouth parts to extract the plant sap. One of the mandibles is a bit longer than the other. Apart from damaging the plant parts like leaves and buds by sucking the juice, they also lay eggs on fruits and leaves. This causes discolouration of fruits and leaves. Some thrips feed on the buds and leaves of the plant where as there are varieties that feed on other insects by sucking the juice out of their body. Flower buds that die before opening and stippled leaves are an indication of thrips attack. Lifecycle of Thrips During the spring season, the female troops emerge from the pupal stage and start laying the eggs in the plant tissues of leaves, flowers and stems. Male insects are rare and are smaller than the female. They lay eggs without
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Squash Bugs Prevent Control

December 6, 2016 in Garden Pests by Christine

Squash but on daylily leaves

How To Get Rid Of Squash Bugs Organically?   Squash bug or Anasa Tristis is one of the pest affecting plants belonging to cucurbit family and pumpkins. The adults as well as the nymphs attack the plants and suck the juices out of the leaves leaving the plants to die eventually. The leaves of the infected plant will turn brown and brittle. The insect has sucking mouthparts which help them to inject toxins into the plant and suck the juices out of the plant. The insect lays eggs on the underside of the leaves. The nymphs and adults cluster beneath the foliage along the vines and of unripe fruits. Young plants are more prone to damage if the squash bugs are not controlled. Identification of Squash Bug The adult squash bugs have brownish-black wings and are more than ½ inch long. There are orange stripes on the sides and underside of the abdomen. They have a hard shell and a shield like a shape on its dorsal side. The young nymphs have a black head and light green abdomen. The nymphs become grey in colour and have black coloured legs when they grow larger. They feed voraciously and are seen
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Red Spider Mites Organic Control

September 1, 2016 in Garden Pests by Christine

Spider Mites Two Spotted Mites Red Mites

Spider Mites How to control and Treat Red Spider Mites? Spider mites are tiny arachnids which attack the indoor and outdoor plants. The adult mites are pale or reddish brown in colour and are oval shaped and are only 1/50th of an inch by size. Large colonies can be identified by the presence of fine webs. The host plants include ornamental flowers, beans, tomatoes, strawberries, melons, eggplant, etc. This pest is common in hot and dry areas. It is difficult to see the mites with the naked eye. They are passed on to other plants in the outdoor and indoor garden by wind, pets and humans. It is necessary to dispose of the infested plant to protect the other plants in your garden. How do Spider Mites Damage Plants? These mites form colonies on the underside of the leaves and feeds on the plant tissues by piercing it and suck out the plant fluids. As the spider mites continue to feed on the plants, the leaves start to turn yellow and dry up completely. The spider mites attack the leaves and prevent the chances of proper transpiration by the plant from closing the stomatal pores on the underside of the
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Controlling Ants in Lawns and Gardens

August 29, 2016 in Garden Pests by Christine

Controlling ants in grass lawns and gardens

Controlling Ants – How Do I Get Rid Of Ants In My Lawns and Gardens? Ants are most commonly seen insects in the garden. Generally they do not damage the grass or plants, but can cause nuisance to the gardener. There are different species of ants and they live in colonies or organised nests which contain thousands of ants. In the colony of ants most are sterile wingless females. There will be fertile females called queen ants and male ants in the colony. They nest in flowerpots, lawns, among the roots of plants and in composting areas in the garden. They may take out the soil around the roots of the plants and deposit it on the surface to build the nest. The ants protect the aphids and mealy bugs which attack the plants. The predators like ladybird beetles cannot attack the aphids and increased in the number of aphids may cause damage and death of the plants. Ants can cause damage to the appearance of lawns and also cause damages to the roots of grass. Know and see the best ways of controlling ants in lawns and gardens. Advantages of Having Ants in the Garden The ants while making
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Downy Mildew Disease Control Tips

August 21, 2016 in Garden Pests by Christine

Downy Mildew

Downy Mildew How To Control the Disease Downy mildew is a common problem that springs up in your garden during spring time. It is not very easily diagnosed and can cause serious damage to the plants. Downy mildew can even stunt a plant. What are Downy Mildew Symptoms? Downy mildew is a common name given to numerous types of oomycete microbes that affects the plants. They are caused by parasitic organisms that are having a relation with algae. They cause white to yellow patches on the top surface of the older leaves of a plant. The underside of the leaves is covered with white to grey colour parasites that looks like cotton. They appear more after heavy dew or rain and will disappear right after the sunny weather starts. If the downy mildew is left untreated, it can spread all over the leaves and finally make the leaves to turn brown and crisp. It will make the leaves to fall off from the plant even if the plants are well watered. The most favourable temperature for the spore production is lesser than 65ºF and the humidity must be reaching close to 100%. The fungus can be carried to other plants
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How to Get Rid of White Curl Grubs

August 20, 2016 in Garden Pests by Christine

White Curl Grubs Cockchafers Christmas Beetles Curl Grub Beetle

    White Curl Grubs How to Avoid the Problem of Cockchafers – Christmas Beetles – Curl Grub Beetle? White curl grubs are the larvae of an African black beetle or cockchafers or scarab beetle or Christmas beetle. They commonly attack the lawns and feeds on roots of grass or dead plant material in the garden. The damage done by these larvae is more during hot, dry periods in summer around Christmas in Australia. Dead patches of grass appear in the lawns where the grass can be pulled out with ease. What do Curl Grubs Look Like? They have a cream or white coloured body with a brown coloured head and greyish posterior end. The body is usually curled to a “C” and hence the name curl grub. The size of the larvae comes to about 40 mm when fully grown. In the juvenile stage it has three pairs of legs at the anterior part of the body. They curl up when disturbed. What do Curl Grubs Eat? The grubs feed on a wide range of decomposing plant material and also the live the roots and stems of the plants including the grass. The young larvae prefer the dead and decaying organic
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Botrytis Blight Grey Mould Control

August 16, 2016 in Garden Pests by Christine

Botrytis Blight or Grey Mould

    Botrytis Blight Or Grey Mould Botrytis blight or Grey mould is a fungal disease caused by a fungus called botrytis cinerea. This fungus attacks trees and garden plants during high humidity period in summer or spring. It can affect all plant parts like leaves, shoots, flowers, buds. The affected areas of the plant develop brown lesions and grey coloured spores. The severity of the fungal attack depends mainly on the weather conditions. What is Botrytis Blight Tell Tale Signs? The signs of botrytis Blight include brown coloured spots and flecks on buds and flowers. Brown spots also appear on leaves, flowers, stem during or after cool and wet period. The pattern of wilting and discolouration starts from the inner petals and extends towards the petals on the outer area of the flower. Brown lesions with grey spores are the typical symptom. The tender leaves and shoots start to die back and the leaves start to drop off. Fruits will rot and drop off from the plant. How to Treat Botrytis Blight on Plants? The treatment for botrytis blight on plants should include proper sanitation and good pest management practices. The infected plants or parts of the plants should
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Control Slaters in the Garden

July 17, 2016 in Garden Pests by Christine

Control Slaters How to Get Rid of Roley Poleys Pill Bugs Wood Lice Sowbugs in the Garden

Slaters, Roley Poleys Or Pill Bugs Treat with Natural Pesticide Facts about Woodlice Woodlice are also commonly called as slaters, sow bugs, pill bugs or Roley Poleys. They are crustaceans seen in the garden. They are scavenger insects which feed on dead and decaying organic matter in the soil and helps in increasing soil fertility. They can multiply in moist environments and can damage the seedlings. They have heavily armoured and flattened and segmented oval body. They grow to a length of 8-20mm and have 7 body segments. Each body segment has one pair of legs. Though they have two pairs of antennae at the anterior end only one pair is visible. At the rear end of the body there are two tails like appendages. There are different species of slaters in distribution in Australia. The most common species include Porcellio scaber which is pale grey or brown in colour and the Armadillidium vulgare or pill bug which can roll on to a ball when disturbed. Slaters need moist or damp conditions to survive and are active during night. The common hiding places are under the rocks, logs or mulch and in compost heaps. The female slaters carry the eggs
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