Chrysanthemums Flowers Growing & Care
Chrysanthemum Care How to grow Chrysanthemums Flowers in your Garden
Also known as mums, chrysanthemums flowers and derived from the Greek words chrysos meaning gold and anthemon meaning flower. Chrysanthemums are one of the most popular plants sold around the world, next to only the rose. There are quite a few interesting facts about chrysanthemums. Formerly known by the scientific botany name Dendranthema, chrysanthemums were first cultivated in the 15th century BC China as a flowering herb nearly 2,500 years before it reached Europe. It was brought by Buddhist monks to Japan in 400 AD where it eventually became the national flower.
Chrysanthemums flowers are closely related to the daisy and are a symbol of mothers day. Traditionally given to mothers for Mother’s Day in Australia. They are also the birth flower for November symbolising the sun, meditation, fidelity, optimism, joy and happiness. There are 9 categories that chrysanthemums are listed according to type. Those categories are anemone, buttons, cushions, daisy, decorative, pompom, quill, spider and spoon. In addition to their aesthetic qualities, chrysanthemums have been used for their health benefits. Some of the benefits of drinking the plant in a tea include relaxation qualities, relief from head congestion, strengthening of the lungs and assistance in digestion. The flower can also be used topically for relief of dry and itchy eyes and from heat in the upper body. In scientific studies, this plant has even been shown to reduce indoor air pollution. Pictured is a spider a more exotic chrysanthemum.
How to Plant and Care for Chrysanthemums
Chrysanthemums flowers bloom in autumn in Australia. Learn the special way exhibitors strike to grow their fancy chrysanthemums flowers from a single cutting. They produce flowers in a great deal of sizes and shapes and in a wide array of colours. They can be grown from seed but are usually given or purchased as a potted plant. Chrysanthemums flowers should preferably be planted during the early spring after the potentially freezing winter weather has passed. Growing chrysanthemums flowers require full early sun usually from 5 to 6 hours a day aside from this chrysanthemums should be planted in fertile, well-drained soil with a pH of at least 6.5. These plants are pretty hardy survivors but benefit from a light and frequent supply of a balanced fertiliser or well rotted cow manure during the growing season. Potted chrysanthemum plants are forced to flower early and are available in shops to buy and to decorate your house inside when in full bloom.
Growing Chrysanthemums Flowers Without Staking
If you don’t want to stake your chrysanthemums flowers and make them look like a bunch of very tall squashed flowers tied up several times to a tall stake there is another option. Your chrysanthemum plant will already be at a good height at Christmas time in Australia at this time you can cut your chrysanthemum plant down just two nodes higher than the bottom leaf which will be about one foot high from the ground. When the chrysanthemums flowers, they will be at a height that they will not need staking and with an added bonus, at flowering time you will have twice the flowers in your garden.
Diseases of Chrysanthemums
Chrysanthemums are susceptible to fungal infections due to powdery mildew, like white rust and/or brown rust, and should be placed in a dry area. White rust is caused by the fungus Puccinia horiana which spreads by airborne spores leaving a white coat on a plant’s leaves and this typically occurs in late summer and autumn. This disease may stunt plant growth and reduce their endurance abilities. Brown rust is caused by the fungus Puccinia chrysanthemi that produces dark brown spots on the underside of leaves and is not as damaging as white rust.
Chrysanthemum Cuttings can be Taken from the end of July to September in Australia
One of the techniques used to propagate chrysanthemums flowers is through cuttings. This and dividing clumps of existing plants are the most common and popular modes of the chrysanthemum plants reproduction. To get these chrysanthemums cuttings, growers do a process called striking. To propagate chrysanthemums we will need to take cuttings from the mother plant. Learn how to take the cuttings the right way from the mother plant.
- You want to water the chrysanthemum plant the day before you require the cuttings.
- Use a clean, sharp secateurs or scissors to snip off the cutting from your chrysanthemum plants.
- Before planting the cutting it is best dipped into rose shield, this is an anti fungal that will suppress damping off.
- These cuttings should be 3 inches long and NOT be taken from old stems with roots. A complete new shoot cut at the soil level at the base of the old flowering stems is needed. A young leaf tip cutting, this will only come from a new sucker.
- Shoots from the base of the chrysanthemum plant are available for cuttings from July to September in Australia.
- Cut the cutting above the soil and remove the lower leaves from the cutting. Because these cuttings are soft wood cuttings and will have no roots, they require a sterile potting medium and a pot with a plastic cover.
- You will need to dip the cuttings into hormone powder then insert the cuttings using a dibber to make a hole in sterilised soil one part peat and two parts sharp sand or you can use premium grade potting mix.
- Water the cuttings with lukewarm water and put a plastic bag over the top of the cutting and pot and keep the cuttings damp, and in a sheltered place, your cuttings should be struck well and truly in six weeks.
- You can also use bottom heat at a temperature 18 C if you do this the cuttings will strike quicker.
- Growing chrysanthemums in pots is mostly done by exhibitors, they start growing the cuttings in a small pot then pot on to larger pots increasing the fertiliser as they go.
Some Chrysanthemum shows to attend in Australia. Spectacular – Chrysanthemums flowers staged at shows are well worth seeing:
- Bendigo Goldfields Chrysanthemum Association in Victoria – show usually held the weekend closest to Anzac Day 25th April.
- Chrysanthemum Society Melbourne Victoria holds their chrysanthemum show around the end of May each year.