Facts About Lichens Growing On Trees

June 28, 2018 in Gardening by Christine

Are Lichens harmful? How to get rid of them on trees and branches.

All That You Wanted to Know About Lichens Lichens are made up of two different life forms. It is a composite organism that is developed from a combination of algae or cyanobacteria and fungi. Both the organisms benefit from this type of association. The algae and the cyanobacteria will provide the food whereas the fungus will provide the protection that the lichen needs from the environment. The lichens are seen in many forms, colours, and sizes. There are over 20,000 species of lichens seen around the world with 3000 of them from Australia. More About Lichens The lichens are seen to grow all over the world, right from the polar areas to the tropics and from the rainforest to the desert areas. The most common types of lichens are the tiny and leafless branches called the fruticose, flakes that are seen on the surface similar to peeling paint called the crustose and leaf-like flat structures called the foliose. They also take many other growth forms. Lichens are commonly seen on the hard surfaces like rocks as well as on the twigs and the barks of trees. They will not harm the plants on which they grow as they are non-parasitic.
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Types Of Grafts Used in Horticulture

June 2, 2018 in Gardening by Christine

What is grafting In Plants Grafting Methods Examples?

Learn Grafting Budding Plants With Popular Native Shrubs & Fruit Trees Grafting is one of the most used techniques in horticulture when it comes to developing more productive, resilient to weather conditions and sturdy plants. It is also used to create various hybrids, as the plant obtained through grafting will present a set of features taken from the parent plants. But, what is grafting more precisely? It is when the parts of two plants are united in order to form one single plant. Of course, not every plant part will work. One of the plants must provide the roots and lower part of the stem while the other plant should provide the upper part, which usually consists in a branch or stem. The operation seems simpler than it actually is. It is not recommended to perform a grafting without having some basic knowledge. One of the most important things is to understand what the cambium layer is and the role it plays in the grafting process. The cambium layer or vascular cambium is actually the live tissue layer of the plants that are about to be grafted. This particular tissue needs to be protected and kept alive until the fusion
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Louisiana Iris Seed Propagation

May 24, 2018 in Gardening by Christine

Louiaiana Iris how to propagate Irises from Seed

Louisiana Iris Propagation How to Grow Louisiana Iris From Seed So you want to give it a try, you will be able to cut corners and not have to figure out the best way to prepare and propagate Louisiana Iris by seed to get the best possible germination rates. Seed pods may contain just a few seeds or many (even over 100 seeds). Plant as few or as many seeds as you choose, but remember, each seed potentially will provide a different flower, though seeds from the same pod may produce similar flowers. Preparing the Seeds Before sowing the seeds in preparation of the seeds, some people peel the corky husk that looks like bread, off the seed while others soak them before planting. I have for several years peeled the cork off the seeds and found it does reduce germination time, well not to a great degree. I don’t soak them as I have not found that improves germination. I have experimented over the years using the methods suggested methods above but I find just by peeling the seed cork and planting very soon after harvesting, the fresh seed works well for me. If you let the seed dry
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Air Layering Plant Propagation

May 20, 2018 in Gardening by Christine

How to air layer a monocot or dicot plant.

Details Air Layering Plants A Method Of Propagation Air layering is a plant propagation option, when you want to propagate plants which are difficult to root from cuttings or when you need good sized plants within one year. This method of plant propagation is usually successful and is believed that it was developed by the Chinese centuries ago. In this method the branch of the plant is allowed to form roots while the branch remains on the parent plant. Air layering is a far quicker way than many other types of propagation, such as tissue culture or starting plants by seed. The best time to do air layering on branches of fruit trees and shrubs is during early spring when the plant produces new growth. Good size branches are needed at least pencil thickness or thicker otherwise branches are too hard and fiddly to manage. You need certain tools and materials to carry out the process. The materials and tools needed The plant that is to be propagated. A sharp knife. Budding knife. Wear latex rubber gloves to do the job. Sphagnum moss or potting soil roughly the size of a tennis ball. Transparent plastic wrap. Aluminum foil. Step by
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Collecting Growing Ferns From Spores

April 19, 2018 in Gardening by Christine

Propagation preserving old rare ferns from spores

How to Grow Ferns from Spores the Right Way Propagation of ferns can be done easily using the spores. You can preserve and grow a wide variety of ferns using fern spores at home. You need to get, know how to acquire the spores or harvest the spores and how to grow them in appropriate medium and how to take care of the young plants to start growing ferns. Spores are produced and easily found on the underside of the fronds of the fern in clusters called sori. The spores of different varieties of ferns may differ in colour. Some are brown, black and yellow or green in colour. Sori are protected by a membrane called indusium till they are ripe. Collecting Fern Spores Like always it is the mature ferns that do produce the spores, this applies to all types of ferns, bird’s nest, maidenhair or the boston fern plants. You can get the spores from ferns collected from the wild or from your own existing ferns in your garden or from the Australian world wide web. If you are collecting spores from your own plants, you can use a hand lens to identify the matured sori. To collect
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How Iris Fanciers Stage Bearded Irises

March 20, 2018 in Gardening by Christine

Groom TB Iris flowers standards falls foliage for showing

Everything You Need To Know About Showing Bearded Irises Iris experts, who grow Irises for showing, have their Iris planting complete by Christmas each year. This will give the Bearded Iris the longest growing time possible to produce quality flowering stems. To groom a bearded Iris for showing, a good sharp small pair of pointy scissors is needed. To stage an Iris for the show bench to high standard, these are the things you need to know. First the flower stem that you decide to pick from your garden should have good branching stems. (the side branches or flowers should not touch or be too close to the main stem) When putting the stalk into the vase make sure that the “V” the last big outward branch off the main stem is placed a fraction higher than the top of the vase, otherwise you will lose points. The flowering stems should be strong and sturdy. The flower stem can be strait or curved naturally not bent over. The Iris flower stem on show should show as many of its very first flowers opened and not the last flowers in the socket. If you can get three first flowers opened at
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Modify Shrubs & Vines Into A Standard

February 23, 2018 in Gardening by Christine

How to train ornamental trees vines and shrubs into standards

Steps to Train Shrubs & Vines to Grow As a Standard To make a plant to grow as a standard or balls–on-stick, you need to know how to plant them and manage them. Standard is an ornamental way to grow plants so that they become the accent plants for patio, porch or deck. As the name indicates the balls–on-stick comes with a straight stem without any leaves and topped by a mass of leaves. Standards already grown are expensive. It is better to train the plant to become a standard. Only some plants are suitable to train as standards. This includes rose, weeping fig, rosemary, gardenia, fuchsia, chinese lanterns, buddleia, lilly pilly and durantas all these shrubs work well, but there’s many more plants out there to choose from. Select the Right Plant To train a shrub as standard, select plants which are only 1 to 2 years old. Select plants with strong, upright stem for the purpose. The plant should be healthy and should have at least 10-inch-long straight stem. Pot the plant into the container with drainage holes. Fill the pot with potting soil to its quarter and place the plant. Add more soil and press the soil
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Best Time To Plant Bearded Iris

January 29, 2018 in Gardening by Christine

The life cycle of a bearded iris plant

How A Bearded Iris Grows In The Ground Bearded Iris including vintage and modern varieties are well known to most gardeners of today. Irises will survive under a variation of environmental conditions. They can be grown in gardens with raised beds, in a pot or any container as long as you can provide them with excellent quick drainage, so the rhizomes do not rot. Choose a well draining sandy loam soil for potting up, in a deep container or plant these perennials with their companion plants in the garden. Their crucial likes, to get Bearded Iris to bloom are – They need to grow and experience cold chilling winters so that they do grow and flower. A full day of warm sunny sunlight every day and they will furnish your garden and will add brightness indoors with their spectacular flowers placed in a vase. Sometimes a plants life cycle can be complicated and is so hard to explain when the life cycle plays its roll of certain physical changes under the ground. The life cycle of a Bearded Iris plant goes through a series of stages from one generation to the next and this is what I am going to
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Fascinating Facts About Earthworms

November 29, 2017 in Gardening by Christine

Get Back Earthworms In Gardens Survival Wet Dry Soils

Earthworms In Gardens Quick And Easy Answers Earthworms are helpful creatures which help to improve the aeration and soil fertility. They clean up the dead and decaying plant debris in soil and convert them into castings which are good fertiliser. The tunnels made by these simple creatures in the soil helps in aerating the soil and also help in preventing soil erosion. The earthworms are on earth for more than 1.2 billion years and there are more than 3000 species of them.  They vary in size from less than one inch to more than 10 inches in different parts of the world. They vary in colour from reddish to brown or grey.  They have a small cylindrical soft body with slimy skin, which helps them to breathe. The worms cannot breathe if their skin becomes dry. Life cycle Earthworms are hermaphrodite animals which have both testes and ovaries in a single worm. Male sex organs are located in certain body segments and female organs are in some other segments. Two worms align themselves side by side with their head in the opposite direction. The sperm from one earthworm will be transferred to the receptacle of the other worm. The mucus
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How Does Soil pH Affect Garden Plants

August 19, 2017 in Gardening by Christine

Soil pH rating for healthy plants

Care About Soil pH – How pH In The Soil Affects Plant Growth It is important for gardeners to know what soil pH is and how it is affecting their garden plants and lawns. It is necessary to check the soil pH before growing plants in the garden as different plants will have different preferred pH for their proper growth. pH is the short form of “potenz Hydrogen”. This word means the potential to be hydrogen. The soil pH shows how acidic or alkaline the soil is. The pH scale starts from zero and goes to the maximum of 14. Zero represents the most acidic level and 14 shows the most alkaline level. The hydrogen ions in the solution decide the acidity or alkalinity of a solution. An acidic solution will have a higher level of hydrogen ions and alkaline solutions will have lesser hydrogen ions. Why pH Of Soil Matters? The soil pH matters to the plant because there are several plant growth factors which get influenced by the soil pH. Soil pH plays an important role in the absorption of nutrients by plants, bacterial growth in the soil, toxic contents in the soil and availability of nutrients. Soil
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